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[TOEFL] 为什么读懂了也做不对TOEFL阅读?(下)

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坐等神仙 发表于 2018-10-13 15:05:08 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式 打印 上一主题 下一主题
为什么读懂了也做不对TOEFL阅读?(下)
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很多学生都有如下的困惑:“托福文章已经读懂了,为什么还是做不对题?”
这是一个看似简单,但实际上很难回答的问题。笼统的回答就是“没读懂”,不过,这个回答对于学生来说,是没有任何实际意义的。应该知道的是到底有哪些地方可能出了问题,才能在学习中注意和完善。
首先说一下所谓的“文章已经读懂了”,有时,这个读懂只是感觉读懂,但实际并未读懂。
第二,原文字面翻译正确,但隐含意思并未理解。
第三,原文确实读懂,但没有仔细审题。
Efforts to control Spartina outside its natural environment have included burning, flooding, shading plants with black canvas or plastic, smothering the plants with dredged materials or clay, applying herbicide, and mowing repeatedly. Little success has been reported in New Zealand and England; Washington State’s management program has tried many of these methods and is presently using the herbicide glyphosphate to control its spread. Work has begun to determine the feasibility of using insects as biological controls, but effective biological controls are considered years away. Even with a massive effort, it is doubtful that complete eradication of Spartina from nonnative habitats is possible, for it has become an integral part of these shorelines and estuaries during the last 100 to 200 years. (TPO22-Spartina)
According to the paragraph, each of the following methods has been used in attempts to control Spartina EXCEPT
A: flooding plants
B: cutting plants down repeatedly
C: applying herbicides
D: introducing predatory insects
本题答案为4个选项,容易误选的是第2个选项,错选2还是因为单词量不够,mow不清楚是什么意思。
本题选对的关键点在于题干的时态,has been used应该翻译为已经被使用,第4个选项虽然原文提及,但并非已经被使用的控制方法。
第四,没有仔细看选项,感觉读懂,与原文感觉相近产生的误选。
The weather, in its many forms, is the main agent of erosion. Rain washes away loose soil and penetrates cracks in the rocks. Carbon dioxide in the air reacts with the rainwater, forming a weak acid (carbonic acid) that may chemically attack the rocks. The rain seeps underground and the water may reappear later as springs. These springs are the sources of streams and rivers, which cut through the rocks and carry away debris from the mountains to the lowlands.
Why does the author mention Carbon dioxide in the passage?
A: To explain the origin of a chemical that can erode rocks
B: To contrast carbon dioxide with carbonic acid
C: To give an example of how rainwater penetrates soil
D: To argue for the desirability of preventing erosion
本题正确答案为第1个选项。容易误选的是第3个选项。请观察:penetrates这一动作在原文作用的对象是谁?对,是cracks in the rocks而非soil,对于soil的动作应该是washes away.本质意思并不相同。打个比方,“买书,看猩猩”,改成“看书,买猩猩”,完全不是一个意思。
综上,看原文、理解字面和隐含意义、审题,看选项,任何一个环节出现理解不准确都有可能造成选错。所以,真正的读懂,不只是针对原文单词的翻译,还应该包括语法,逻辑以及隐含之意的全面理解。
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